Research Grants

Research Title: Missing trade links in our emerging markets

Principal Investigator (s): Dr. Ather Elahi

Details: Research carried out on ways through which Pakistan and Korea could enhance the size of bilateral trade.

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Research Title: Global Entrepreneurship Monitor

Principal Investigator (s): Dr. Shahid Qureshi

Details: The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (known as GEM) is an international research initiative to promote entrepreneurship and is implemented in more than 80 nations. The GEM studies are conducted under the auspices of the Global Entrepreneurship Research Association and Entrepreneurs. Policy makers and educators around the world are using the GEM reports to create awareness and enhance learning about the entrepreneurial process. The report measured entrepreneurial attitudes, activity and aspirations through in-depth review of individual entrepreneurial characteristics of the adult (18-64) population in all parts of the country. The report's key measure of entrepreneurship in a society is total early-stage entrepreneurial activity (TEA) rate, which is the sum of the nascent entrepreneurship rate and the new business-manager rate. According to the study, the TEA rate for Pakistan is 9.08%, which is lower than the average TEA rate for the factor-driven economies (11.7%).

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Research Title: The Patterns of Human Concerns in a Developing Society

Principal Investigator (s): Asma Hyder

Research Title: Public Investment Efficiency and Sectoral Economic Growth in Pakistan

Principal Investigator (s): Dr. Qazi Masood

Details: This paper compares the effects of aggregate and sectoral public investments on sectoral private investment, output, and employment. The elasticities of private investment are estimated with respect to aggregate and sectoral public investments to find crowding-out or crowding-in phenomena in Pakistan. The study also reveals the changes in labor absorption or replacement due to additional capital and the effects on output. Data covers eight sectors of the Pakistan economy and uses annual time series data from 1964 to 2011. This study uses vector autoregressive (VAR) techniques, as applied by Pereira (2000, 2001), which allows measuring the dynamic feedback effects among the variables.

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Research Title: Strengthening Research and Promoting Multi-level Dialogue for Trade Normalization between India and Pakistan

Principal Investigator (s): Dr. Ather Elahi

Details: IBA assisted the Project Team in carrying out research on enhancing trade between India and Pakistan in goods and services, and removing barriers to trade and sectoral trade, particularly trade in agriculture, automobiles and pharmaceuticals.

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Research Title: Gender & Violence in Urban Areas

Principal Investigator (s): Dr. Nausheen H. Anwar

Details: Expectations of gender roles may play a significant role in fueling different types of violence. Researchers will investigate drivers that establish gender roles and the part they play in shaping violence among urban youth in four working-class neighbourhoods of Karachi and Rawalpindi/Islamabad.

Researchers will investigate how gender roles may underlie different types of violence. They will also examine how improved access to public services, opportunities, public education, and media might change and/or reduce violence in urban Pakistan.

The project seeks to:

  • understand how gender roles contribute to violence from household to community level
  • understand how gendered access to livelihoods, water supply, sanitation, and hygiene and vulnerability to hazards may contribute to violence
  • find policy prescriptions for improving poor people's access to high-quality social networks and capital to address violence.

The research will produce an understanding of the social capital and the creation of violent spaces in the communities. The study will produce the following outputs:

  • records of public and private incidences and types of violence in selected neighbourhoods, making the data available for analysis
  • training workshops for university students and practitioners, including a workshop handbook
  • engagement with the public through social media about the study and its findings
  • academic journal publications based on findings
  • policy option paper and workshops with policymakers exploring viable policy options, including a brief to be disseminated
  • photo exhibition based on the photographs taken by community members with disposable cameras provided to them
  • workshop with Pakistani diaspora organizations, such as the British Pakistani Foundation, to explore ways to address violence in Pakistan.

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Principal Investigator (s): Dr. Huma Amir, Jami Moiz, and Farah Naz Baig

Principal Investigator (s): Dr. Huma Amir, Jami Moiz, and Farah Naz Baig

Details: This report provides a comprehensive reference for Swiss companies wanting to expand and/or develop in the Pakistani Food Processing industry. It contains market insights on the never-paid-attention-to but high potential food processing sector with special emphasis on three sectors namely Chillies, Dairy and Mangoes.

Full report can be viewed here:

Research Title: Impact of Climate Change on Migration in Pakistan

Principal Investigator (s): Dr. Heman Das Lohano

Details: Agriculture is the most vulnerable sector to climate change as productivity in the sector is affected by a number of factors of climate change including rainfall pattern, temperature hike, changes in sowing and harvesting dates, water availability, and evapotranspiration. Cline (2007) has studied the impact of climate change on crop yields for many countries of the world, and has estimated that crop yields in Pakistan will decline by 30 percent by the year 2080 due to climate change. Climate change over a progressive period also shifts the distribution of economic opportunities within a country. Among the many strategies adopted to adapt to climate change has been migration from rural to urban or from one district/province/country to another. The causative factors of the household's decision to migrate include economic, social, cultural, political, and environmental factors. This study investigates the impact of climate change-driven crop yields on migration in Pakistan. The study focuses on migration due to climatic processes (land degradation, desertification) as opposed to climatic events (floods), because the former is expected to have an enduring effect on the population distribution. The specific objectives of the study are to estimate the impact of climate change-driven crop yields on migration in Pakistan, and to determine possible migration under different climate scenario. This study uses the panel data model which is estimated by the two-stage least squares method with instrumental variables. Panel data used in this study are district-level data from 1971 to 1998 obtained from Census Reports of Pakistan and other government publications.

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Research Title: Sustainability of post 2014 Pak-Afghan Trade

Principal Investigator (s): Dr. Ather Elahi

Details: IBA conducted primary research on future trade prospects between Pakistan and Afghanistan. The research covers a detailed analysis of macroeconomic conditions and trade flows in the region with interviews of stakeholders in the public and private sectors on both sides of the border. Focus groups with the business community were conducted in Karachi, Peshawar, and Kabul in November and December 2014.

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Research Title: Regional Competitiveness of Textile Sector

Principal Investigator (s): Dr. Khadija Bari, Dr. Waliullah, Dr. Aadil Nakhuda

Details: A team of researchers at IBA worked with textile industry stakeholders to conduct a comprehensive survey of the sector to aggregate information about its inputs, costs, markets, product mix, as well as perceptions regarding trade opportunities. The findings of the study will be shared with key decision makers within the industry and government to assist policy makers in creating a conducive environment for improving the textile sector's global competitiveness, particularly in comparison to regional competitors.

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